I have a succinct word of advice to anyone who's at risk of succumbing to the notion of attempting to identify a particular grasshopper down to species level…don't! Not unless you're at least a master's level entomologist, and know your way around the Caelifera suborder like the rest of us know the shelves of our refrigerator.
Officially, there are about 8,000 species of grasshoppers worldwide—though many more are waiting to be named and catalogued. Upwards of 660 species, in four families, are scattered throughout North America. As best I can determine, a bunch of them are found in Ohio—of which, the grasshopper in the photo is one.
No, "bunch" is not a scientific term. It is a noun born of frustration, irritation, exasperation, vexation, and possibly other words ending in "ation," which I employ in lieu of an imprecation. I have just spent a, uh, bunch of time paging through BugGuide's 300-plus pages, each with multiple photos, trying to put a name to the critter in question.
I found this fine fellow sitting in a bush enjoying the warmth of the afternoon sun. I wouldn't bet the farm on it, but I believe it is a Melanoplus punctulatus, otherwise known as a Pine Tree Spur-Throat Grasshopper. There is also every chance in the world that my tentative I.D. isn't anywhere close.
You might recall from Aesop's Fables the tale of the hard-working ant who labored to get his home and stores of food ready for winter, while the lazy grasshopper spent his time idling in the summer sun. When the chill hit, the shivering grasshopper begged the ant to take him in and share—only to have the insensitive creature slam the door in his face. I've never really liked the ant for this, in spite of his proletarian efficiency. My sympathies are with the grasshopper. The snobbish ant may have been effective at seeing to his own needs, but he shows a decided lack of neighborly charity.
I just hope one of robins which have been scratching around the yard all day doesn't spot my long-legged friend while he's sunning and nab him for a tasty snack. But if I see it about to happen, I'll try and get the photo.
* * **POSTSCRIPT! I've just read that one of the common names for the Pine Tree Spur-Throat Grasshopper is the "Grizzled Grasshopper." Ha! Is that not an addendum of cosmic verification, or what?